Puget Sound Shoreline, Rae A. McNally

GEOGRAPHY

Total scope of Puget Sound planning area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2,458 (or 1.6 million acres)
Miles of shoreline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2,500 miles
Average depth of Puget Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   450 feet
Deepest part of Puget Sound (just north of Seattle) . . . . . . . . . . .   930 feet
Number of watersheds that drain into Washington ’s inland marine waters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
19
Number of main rivers that feed into Puget Sound . . . . . . . . . .
  • Nooksack River
  • Samish River
  • Skagit River
  • Stillaguamish River
  • Snohomish River
  • Cedar River
  • Green/Duwamish River
  • Puyallup River
  • Nisqually River
  • Deschutes River
  • Skokomish River
  • Dosewallips River
  • Dungeness River
  • Elwha River
  14
Total number of rivers and streams that flow into Puget Sound:   10,000
Average range of tides in the North Sound (Port Townsend) . . .   8.3 feet
Average range of tides in the South Sound (Olympia) . . . . . . . . .   14.4 feet

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POPULATION

Number of cities in the Puget Sound region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   115
Number of cities with more than 100,000 population . . . . . . . . .
  • Bellevue
  • Everett
  • Seattle
  • Tacoma
  4

Number of counties in the Puget Sound region . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • Clallam
  • King
  • Kitsap
  • Island
  • Jefferson
  • Mason
  • Pierce
  • San Juan
  • Skagit
  • Snohomish
  • Thurston
  • Whatcom
  12
Number of people who live in the Puget Sound region . . . . . . . .   3.5 million
Number of people expected to live in Puget Sound region in 2025 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
5.2 million
Number of tribal nations in the Puget Sound region . . . . . . . . . .

  • Nooksack
  • Lummi
  • Samish
  • Upper Skagit
  • Swinomish
  • Stillaguamish
  • Tulalip
  • Jamestown S’Klallam
  • Port Gamble S’Klallam
  • Suquamish
  • Muckleshoot
  • Puyallup
  • Squaxin Island
  • Nisqually
  • Skokomish
  15

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ECONOMY / COMMERCE

Second largest U.S. port (combined) for container traffic . . . . . .   Seattle/Tacoma
Total foreign trade from/to port of Seattle and Tacoma in 2006 .     Port of Seattle handled 9.9 million metric tons of imports and 9.93 million metric tons of exports in 2005.  Seattle had a total value of 36.7 billion in 2005 for Foreign Waterborne Trade and the Port of Tacoma had a total value of  33.8 billion U.S. dollars.

 Source: U.S. Maritime Administration Foreign Waterborne Trade Statistics
Annual revenue from commercial fishing in Washington State .   $3.2 billion (includes shellfish)
Number of cargo vessels traveling in Puget Sound waters in 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
2,451

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TRANSPORTATION

Number of vehicles carried on ferries in 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   10.9 million
Number of people carried on ferries in 2006  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   21,317,051

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TOURISM / RECREATION

Percentage of Washington 's recreational salmon caught in the Puget Sound basin, including Hood Canal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
58%
Percentage of statewide revenues from tourism and travel generated in the Puget Sound region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
Nearly 80%
Percentage of statewide tourism-related jobs located in the Puget Sound region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
75%
Number of commercial whale-watching companies/boats in Northern Puget Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
17 companies, 22 boats
Percentage of the state's 352 public and private marinas located in Puget Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
72%
Percentage of the state's 34,162 public moorage slips located in Puget Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
83%    
Number of boats, sailboats and other watercraft owned by Washington residents in 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  


310,928 

Of those, 168,374 are registered in counties bordering Puget Sound. 

Number of state parks on or near Puget Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  • Bay View
  • Belfair  
  • Birch Bay
  • Blake Island
  • Camano Island  
  • Dash Point
  • Deception Pass
  • Dosewallips
  • Fay Bainbridge
  • Fort Flagler
  • Fort Ward
  • Ford Worden
  • Hope Island
  • Illahee
  • Jarrell Cove
  • Joemma Beach
  • Kitsap Memorial
  • Kopachuck
  • Larrabee
  • Manchester
  • Mystery Bay
  • Ocean City
  • Old Fort Townsend
  • Pacific Beach
  • Penrose Point
  • Potlatch
  • Saltwater
  • Scenic Beach
  • Sequim Bay
  • Shine Tidelands
  • South Whidbey
  • Spencer Spit
  • Tolmie
  • Triton Cove
  • Twanoh
  35
Number of cruise ship sailings from Port of Seattle in 2006 . . .   196
Number of cruise ship passengers sailing from the Port of Seattle in 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
751,000

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HABITAT

Miles of Puget Sound shoreline with hard armoring (such as bulkheads) or other modifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
More than 800 miles
Number of species that breed and feed in wetlands . . . . . . . . . .   175
Number of Washington ’s threatened or endangered species that require healthy wetlands for survival . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
More than one-third
Percentage of tidally influenced wetlands lost since settlers arrived in the Puget Sound area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
70%
Number of salt marsh plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   63

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WATER QUALITY - TOXIC CONTAMINATION

Acres of contaminated mud and sand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   91,700
Acres of contaminated mud and sand cleaned up between 1991 and 2001. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
more than 560
Of the 91,700 contaminated acres, number that is moderately to highly contaminated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
8,700
Of the 91,700 contaminated acres, number that is slightly contaminated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
83,000

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WATER QUALITY - STORMWATER

Gallons per day of treated wastewater discharged into Puget Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
one billion
Number of permitted discharge points of treated waste and industrial water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
972
Pounds of chemicals released into Puget Sound annually by permitted discharges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
one million

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WATER QUALITY - SEPTIC SYSTEMS

Number of households using septic systems in Puget Sound (including Hood Canal ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
One-third

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MARINE LIFE - GENERAL FACTS

Number of species of fish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   200
Number of species of marine mammals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   26
Number of species of marine invertebrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   Thousands
Size of Puget Sound 's Giant Pacific Octopus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   30-feet long, 125 pounds
Number of marine seaweed species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   More than 625
Number of Geoducks in Puget Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   About 109 million adults can live for up to 146 years

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MARINE LIFE - SPECIES FACTS

Orcas    
  Number of distinct species of orca that live in or visit Puget Sound waters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  • Southern Resident orca
  • Transient orca
  • Northern Resident orca
 
3
  Number of Southern Resident orcas (J, K & L pods) as of June 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
87
  Orca lifespan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   25-90 years
Salmon    
 

Number of different types* of salmonid species that live or spawn in the Puget Sound region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • Chinook salmon
  • Coho salmon
  • Chum salmon
  • Sockeye salmon
  • Pink salmon
  • Cutthroat trout
  • Bull trout
  • Steelhead
* Each individual stock is important. A chinook salmon from one river may be quite different genetically from a chinook of another river.
 
8
Forage Fish and Groundfish    
  Weight of Pacific herring population at Cherry Point in 2000   808 tons
  Percent decrease of herring population at Cherry Point since 1970s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
90%
  Percentage decline of rockfish egg production In Puget Sound and Hood Canal from 1970 to 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
approximately 90%
Marine Birds    
  Percentage of decline of certain marine bird species in the past 20 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
57-96%
  Number of miles traveled annually by Western sandpipers between Puget Sound and their breeding grounds and wintering grounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  

thousands
  Percent decline in total number of marine birds in Puget Sound region during past 20 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
47%
  Depth to which the common murre can dive to catch fish, squid and crustaceans  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
200 feet
Shellfish    
  Number of species of oysters that grow in Puget Sound . . . .   6
  Number of species of clams that grow in Puget Sound . . . . .   4
  Average annual sales of Washington grown oysters, mussels and clams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
more than $100 million
  Pounds of clams and oysters harvested annually by recreational harvesters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  
nearly $2 million
  Average yearly state revenues from geoduck sales . . . . . . . .   $7.2 million

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